Well, hello and welcome again! Time for some updates from the Publons world.
Fearless co-leader Andrew Preston is adventuring through Europe and America for a few weeks, talking to journals and publishers, users, investors and more. So far we’ve been sent images of formal dinners and incredible whisky bars, and of course updates on his very positive progress so far. You can see some of it on our Twitter stream, too…
We’ll keep you in the loop about any exciting developments!
And we’ve noticed (very happily) that some of you have been uploading your pre-publication reviews. Keep ‘em coming! We’ve sent out an email to all you, our users, explaining how to do it and why it’ll help you look even more awesome than you already do :)
Island Cells Control Temporal Association Memory
An excerpt from this blind review: 'I hope others will join me in congratulating the authors on their discovery of an interesting anatomical pathway, while respectfully asking that we (authors, reviewers, and editors) drastically change the standards to which we hold inferences from sparse rodent behavioral data to claims about cognition and memory.'
Dogs are sensitive to small variations of the Earth’s magnetic field
An excerpt from Brennen McKenzie's review: 'While the findings of this study are hardly earthshattering news, whether true or not, the questionable practices utilized to generate the conclusions most people are reading in the news are illustrative of how weak hypotheses can be made to seem stronger than they are.'
Effect of Age and Pop Out Distracter on Attended Field of View
An excerpt from this blind pre-publication review: 'Unfortunately, I believe that the paper “Effect of Age and Pop Out Distracter on Attended Field of View” should be rejected because of serious methodological flaws that are not addressed adequately by the authors either via control experiments or persuasive arguments.'
Bodily maps of emotions
An excerpt from John Borghi's discussion: 'Science should be collaborative. This does not just mean that scientists need to work together; it also means that scientists, reporters of science, and readers of science need to work together to drive public understanding forward. I am the first to criticize scientists for communicating poorly or misrepresenting data to an unsuspecting audience. But, in this case, the blame lies elsewhere.'
We’ve had numerous new papers added to the site this week, which are still waiting to be reviewed. They include:
Information Preservation and Weather Forecasting for Black Holes
It has been suggested that the resolution of the information paradox for evaporating black holes is that the holes are surrounded by firewalls, bolts of outgoing radiation that would destroy any infalling observer. Such firewalls would break the CPT invariance of quantum gravity and seem to be ruled out on other grounds. A different resolution of the paradox is proposed, namely that gravitational collapse produces apparent horizons but no event horizons behind which information is lost.
Note - this paper, published by noted physicist Stephen Hawking, is still awaiting peer review. How about reviewing it on Publons?
The starvation hormone, fibroblast growth factor-21, extends lifespan in mice
Here we show that transgenic overexpression of FGF21 markedly extends lifespan in mice without reducing food intake or affecting markers of NAD+ metabolism or AMP kinase and mTOR signaling. Transcriptomic analysis suggests that FGF21 acts primarily by blunting the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling pathway in liver.
Continuous and intermittent exposure of neonatal rat calvarial cells to PTHrP (1-36) inhibits bone nodule mineralization in vitro by downregulating bone sialoprotein expression via the cAMP signaling pathway
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exogenous PTHrP on intramembranous ossification in vitro. Neonatal rat calvarial cells maintained in primary cell culture conditions that permit spontaneous formation of woven bone nodules by intramembranous ossification were studied.
The genomic landscape of Neanderthal ancestry in present-day humans
Regions that harbour a high frequency of Neanderthal alleles are enriched for genes affecting keratin filaments, suggesting that Neanderthal alleles may have helped modern humans to adapt to non-African environments. We identify multiple Neanderthal-derived alleles that confer risk for disease, suggesting that Neanderthal alleles continue to shape human biology. An unexpected finding is that regions with reduced Neanderthal ancestry are enriched in genes, implying selection to remove genetic material derived from Neanderthals.
Epidemiological modeling of online social network dynamics
The last decade has seen the rise of immense online social networks (OSNs) such as MySpace and Facebook. In this paper we use epidemiological models to explain user adoption and abandonment of OSNs, where adoption is analogous to infection and abandonment is analogous to recovery…Extrapolating the best fit model into the future predicts a rapid decline in Facebook activity in the next few years.
This paper has been in the news a lot over the last few weeks, but was published prior to peer review. How about reviewing it on Publons?
And that’s it for this week - of course, there’s lots more activity from last two weeks, and you can see it all at publons.com/account/stream. As always, please do keep in touch! We’d love to hear from you with comments, questions and thoughts.
Yours in science,
The Publons Team